Sharing Emergency Medical Service informations

mise à jour/update : 25/03/08 - Bienvenue - Bienvenido - Welcome on EMS World Tour, the EMS website




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On this page you'll find some pictures, links and stuff about EMS helicopters, they are members of EMS staff working for saving lifes, reducing wasting traffic time, by jumping from emergency scene to hospitals, first ways for flying doctors and flying paramedics to come on patient place



If you go on UK air ambulance services pages, REMEMBER that they fly with charity donations,
do not hesistate to help them


is an aircraft (often a helicopter) that is used for emergency medical assistance in situations where a road ambulance cannot easily or quickly reach the scene. Usually an air ambulance is equipped with material which enables the crew to give a first adequate medical treatment to a critically injured or ill patient. This mostly includes for example a respirator, medicines, an ECG and monitoring unit, CPR equipment, a stretcher, etc.
The medical crew of an air ambulance normally consists of one or more paramedics but is mostly joined by a flight nurse or a physician who has been specially trained for this duty. Who exactly forms the crew with which qualification depends on the regional structure of the emergency medical assistance which the air ambulance usually cooperates with. On many air ambulance, pilots with immense experience in avionic matters and flight business are occupied. This is required because the conditions of air ambulance flights are often much less convenient than regular non-emergency flight services.
The first air ambulance service was established in outback Australia, in 1928, an organisation that became the Royal Flying Doctor Service. In 1947, J. Walter Schaefer of Schaefer Ambulance Service in Los Angeles, California, started the first air ambulance service in the United States. Schaefer Air Service is also the first FAA certified air ambulance service in the U.S.
Private sector Air Ambulances are quite expensive and therefore travelers who may need the service need to purchase adequate travel insurance with a high enough medical evacuation benefit to pay for such emergency transport services, should the need arise. It is better to travel insured and have an assistance company negotiate on your behalf with the air ambulance provider than to deal with the air ambulance company directly as an (uninsured) individual. The assistance company has the authority from the travel insurance company (pending verification of coverage) to pay the provider directly, and can usually negotiate a better rate than private individuals. However, the assistance company is bound to follow the insurance policy guidelines exactly, which usually stipulate the transport must be medically necessary, and requires transporting the patient to the nearest adequate medical facility, which is not necessarily the patient's home hospital in many cases. Some travel policies can be purchased as annual, renewing memberships and allowing insureds to choose destinations for air ambulance transports, but these are rare and more expensive than policies purchased to cover individual trips.


A MEDEVAC is an acronym for "medical evacuation."
The term MEDEVAC is usually applied to a vehicle, plane, or helicopter used as an ambulance (sometimes called an "air ambulance"). This permits the rapid transport of seriously injured persons, particularly trauma patients, from the scene of the accident to the hospital. News accounts of such transportation often use the term "airlifted", although MEDEVAC is a common term used by civilians as well. Most patients transported by MEDEVAC are taken to a specialized hospital known as a trauma center.
The technique has its roots in the establishment of the Australian Royal Flying Doctor Service, which was established in 1928 to bring doctors to patients and patients to hospitals from the remote outback. Inevitably, the immense military potential of the practice was realized with the development of the helicopter. The U.S. Army pioneered this lifesaving technique during the Korean War. They established semi-permanent field hospitals immediately behind the front lines, which allowed wounded soldiers to receive complete medical treatment after only a short helicopter flight. This military tactic was popularized in the 1970s TV series M*A*S*H.
In modern American military terminology, MEDEVAC is often differentiated from CASEVAC. In this context, MEDEVAC refers to the moving of a patient either from the point of injury to a medical unit or between the different levels of care with en route medical care whereas CASEVAC has no en route care, are usually armed and will, at times, land in areas that Medevac choppers cannot due to hostile fire. Accordingly MEDEVAC aircraft are specifically modified aircraft that have lifesaving equipment on board as well as trained medical personnel as part of the crew, yet are hardly armed at all. They are painted with the Red Cross symbol, and the pilots and crew are only authorized to carry personal weapons.
The phrase "Aeromedical Evacuation" is also used to refer to transportation of medical cases from treatment point to a better equipped site for treatment and rehabiliation


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